Journal Articles

2016  Wijesuriya S, Burugapalli K, Mackay R, Ajaezi GC, Balachandran W. Chemically Roughened Silver Metal: A Simple, Robust and Broadband SERS Substrate.  Sensors 2016, 16(10), 1742.  Link

2016  Ereku L, Mackay R, Balachandran W, Ajayi K.  Review of Commercially Available Microfluidic Materials and Fabricating Techniques for Point of Care Testing.  Sensors and Transducers.  2016: 202(7):1-24

2016  Branavan M, Mackay RE, Craw P, Naveenathayalan A, Ahern J, Sivanesan T, Hudson C, Stead T, Kremer J, Garg N, Baker M, Sadiq ST, Balachandran W. Development of a Point of Care Modular Development of a Prototype Point of Care Molecular Diagnostic Platform for Sexually Transmitted Infections. Medical Engineering and Physics. Medical Engineering and Physics. 2016: 38(8):741-748.  Link

2015  Craw, P., Mackay, R.E., Naveenathayalan, A., Hudson, C., Branavan, M.; Sadiq, S.T., Balachandran, W. A Simple, Low-Cost Platform for Real-Time Isothermal Nucleic Acid Amplification. Sensors, 15, 23418-23430.  Link

2015 S. Tulasidas, J. Hausner, J. Terzakis, F. Love, S. Mattern, C. Hudson,  N. Manivannan, R. Mackay, W. Balachandran, “Requirements for Point of Care Devices using Use Case Maps”, June 15 Volume 3 Issue 6 , International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication. 3(6); 4284 – 4288.

2014 L.T. Ereku, R.E. Mackay, W. Balachandran, K. Ajayi. Continuous Flow Pressure Driven Microfluidic Techniques for Point of Care Testing, Sensors and Transducers, 170 (5); 1-18. Link

2013 Tulasidas S., Mackay R., Craw P., Hudson C., Gkatzidou V., Balachandran W. Process Of Designing Robust, Dependable, Safe and Secure Software For Medical Devices: Point Of Care Testing Device as a Case Study, Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 6 (9A); 1-13. Link

2012  Craw P., Balachandran W. Isothermal Nucleic Acid Amplification Technologies for Point-of-Care Diagnostics: A Critical Review, Lab on a Chip, 12; 2469-2486. Link

2011  Azimi, S.M.,   Nixon, G.,   Ahern, J. and   Balachandran, W.  A magnetic bead-based DNA extraction and purification microfluidic device, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 11 (9); 157-165.

2007  Azimi, S.M., Bahmanyar, M.R., Zolgharni, M. & Balachandran, W., 2007, Numerical investigation of magnetic sensor for DNA hybridization detection using planar transformer, Int. J. of Multiphysics  1 (4); 367-376.

2007 Zolgharni, M., Azimi, SM., Bahmanyar, MR. and Balachandran, W.  A numerical design study of chaotic mixing of magnetic particles in a microfluidic bio-separator, Microfluidics and Nanofluidics 3 (6); 677- 687

2001 Malyan B., Balachandran, W., Sub-micron sized biological particle manipulation and characterisation, Journal of Electrostatics 51-52 (1-4); 15-19

Conference Proceedings

Mackay R, Branavan M, Craw P, Naveenathayalan A, Sadiq T, Balachandran W.  A low cost, hand-held point of care molecular diagnostic device for sexually transmitted infections. Sex Transm Infect 2015;91:A122

Mackay R, Craw P, Branavan M, Sadiq T, Balachandran W. Development of a handheld point of care molecular diagnostic device for sexually transmitted infections.  Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2015:91(Suppl 1);A80-A80.

R. Mackay, W. Balachandran Sample Preparation for Point of Care Molecular Diagnostics. Lab on a Chip Asia 2014, Singapore, 20-21st November 2014.

W. Balachandran, R. Mackay, P. Craw, M. Branavan. Sample preparation for point of care molecular diagnostics. Micro and Nano Flows 2014, London, UK, 8th-10th September 2014.

S. Chaychian, W. Balachandran, C. Hudson. Magnetic biosensor for pathogenic DNA detection. Biosensors 2014, Australia, 27-30th May 2014.

R.E. Mackay, P. Craw, J. Kremer, M. Baker, J.C. Ahern, W. Balachandran. Sample preparation for point of care molecular diagnostics. Biosensors 2014, Australia, 27-30th May 2014.

S. Fuller, R. Mackay, A. Nori, P. Craw, P. Butcher, C. Lowndes, W. Balachandran, S.T. Sadiq. eSTI2: Electronic Self Testing Instruments for Sexually Transmitted Infections. WHO technical consultation on point-of-care tests for STIs. Annecy, France, 6-8th May 2014.

Mackay R.E., Craw P., Manoharanehru B., Chaychian S., Ereku T., Sivanesan T., Ahern J. Hudson C., Baker M., Kremer J., Naveenathayalan A., Powell Z., Evans R., Manivannan N., Balachandran W. A Molecular Diagnostic Point of Care Platform for Rapid Detection of Sexually Transmitted Infections. Sensors in Medicine, London, Mar 2014.

R.E. Mackay, P. Craw, J. Ahern, C. Hudson, H. Le, Keatch R., W. Balachandran. MEMS and Microfluidics for Biological Applications. Microtech 2014, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Mar 2014

Balachandran W. Sample Preparation for Molecular Diagnostics of Sexually Transmitted Infections. Sample Prep East, Boston, US. Dec 2013

RE Mackay, N Garg, J Kremer, P Craw, JC Ahern, W Balachandran. A Nucleic Extraction Method for Point of Care Diagnostics. MicroTAS, Freiburg, Germany. pp.1755-1757 Oct 2013

Invited Talk: Balachandran, W. Electronic Self-Testing Instrument for Sexually Transmitted Infections. Nanotechnology in Medical Devices, NanoKTN, London. Mar 2013

Invited Talk: Balachandran, W.  Development of an Electronic Self-Testing Instrument for Sexually Transmitted Infections. Med-Tech, London. Sept 2012

Craw P., Mackay R.E., Balachandran W. Novel Diagnostic Techniques for Point-of-Care Diagnosis of Sexually Transmitted Infections, Carbonhagen, Copenhagen. June 2012

Invited Talk: Balachandran, W.,   eSTI2 – Electronic Self-Testing Instrument for Sexually Transmitted Infections. ChiNano, Nov 2011

Craw, P., Balachandran, W., Microfluidic Diagnosis of Sexually Transmitted Infections.  European Lab Automation, Hamburg, July 2011

Chaychian S., Craw, P., Manivannan, N., Balachandran, W.,  Point-of-care Diagnostics for Sexually Transmitted Infections.  Biosensing Knowledge Transfer Network, Sept 2011

Craw, P., Balachandran, W., Automated DNA Extraction and Isolation on a Microfluidic Chip,  Lab on a Chip World Congress, Sept 2011

Azimi S.M., Ahern J., Balachandran W., DNA extraction, purification and quantification using micromachined microfluidic chip, NSTI-Nanotech 2010 Technical Proceedings 3, pp. 46-49. June 2010

Azimi S.M., Balachandran W., Ahern, J. Slijepcevic, P. Newton, C., DNA extraction chip using key-type planar electrodes, NSTI-Nanotech, Nanotechnology 2008 Technical Proceedings 3 , pp. 249-252. June 2008

Zolgharni M., Azimi S.M., Ayers H., Balachandran W., Labelling of biological cells with magnetic particles in a chaotic microfluidic mixer, IEEE NEMS 2007 pp. 55-58. Jan 2007

Azimi S.M., Bahmanyar M.R., Zolgharni M., Balachandran W., An inductance-based sensor for DNA hybridization detection, IEEE NEMS 2007 pp. 524-527. Jan 2007

Zolgharni M., Azimi S.M., Bahmanyar M.R., Balachandran W., A microfluidic mixer for chaotic mixing of magnetic particles, NSTI Nanotech 2007, Technical Proceedings 3, pp. 336-339. May 2007

Azimi S.M., Zolgharni M., Bahmanyar M.R., Balachandran W., Using spiral inductors for detecting hybridization of DNAs labeled with magnetic beads, NSTI Nanotech 2007, Technical Proceedings 2, pp. 567-570. May 2007

Malyan B., Kulon J., Balachandran W., Dielectrophoretic transport and sorting of particles using an electrode micro-array, Institute of Physics Conference Series 178, pp. 113-118. Mar 2004

Malnar B., Balachandran W., Cecelja F., Numerical modelling of dielectrophoretic effect for sub-micron particles manipulation, Institute of Physics Conference Series 178, pp. 215-220. Mar 2004

Malnar B., Malyan B., Balachandran W., Cecelja F., Separation of latex spheres using dielectrophoresis and fluid flow, IEE Proceedings Nanobiotechnology 150 (2) , pp. 66-69. Nov 2003

Malyan B., Kulon J., Balachandran W., Dielectrophoretic dual-frequency electrode array for the manipulation of sub-micron sized particles, IAS Annual Meeting, pp. 2454-2459. Oct 2002


“Microfluidic Device”, Balachandran, W., Azimi, S.M., Ahern, J., Zolgharni, M., Bahmanyar, M.R., Slijepcevic, P. Applicant: Brunel University; WO 2008/084245 A2 Filing Date 12/01/2008

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